What does bankruptcy mean?
State of insolvency or--in other words, an inability to pay debts. There are two kinds of legal bankruptcy under the U.S. law:
involuntary, when one or more creditors petition to have a debtor judged insolvent by a court; and voluntary, when the debtor brings the petition.
In both cases, the objective is an orderly and equitable settlement of debt obligation.
The five most common types of bankruptcy are:
Chapter 7 Bankruptcy : Also known as liquidation, allows individuals
or businesses to give up nonexempt assets and walk away from most debts. (about Chapter 7 Bankruptcy
Chapter 9 Bankruptcy: This section allows municipalities to reorganize debt.
Chapter 11 Bankruptcy : For individuals and, more commonly, businesses
to reorganize debt. Similar to Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, in that it allows the filer to draft a plan to repay
some debt while retaining assets. Chapter 11 Bankruptcy has no debt limits, but is much more complicated,
and therefore expensive, making it financially feasible mainly for businesses and very wealthy
individuals. (about Chapter 11 Bankruptcy click here)
Chapter 12 Bankruptcy: Allows family farmers to reorganize debt. It works very much like Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, but with higher debt limits.
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy : For individuals who need to restructure
their debt load. Some creditors will be paid back in full with interest, others in full and the
remainder will be repaid a percentage of the debt. (about Chapter 13 Bankruptcy click here)